# The Facts About X11 Cryptocurrency Revealed

Insteadthey went with Solution 2. The resulting currency, called bitcoin money, increased the blocksize to 8 Mb in order to accelerate the verification process to permit a performance of around 2 million transactions every day. At the time of writing, Bitcoin Cash is valued at \$545.00 to Bitcoins \$6,328.11.

When you hear bitcoin mining, you envisage coins being dug out of the ground. But bitcoin isnt physical, so why do we call it mining

Because its like gold mining in the bitcoins exist in the protocols design (just as the gold exists underground), but they havent been introduced into the light yet (like the golden hasnt yet been awakened ). The bitcoin protocol stipulates that 21 million bitcoins will exist at some point.

They get to perform so as a reward for creating cubes of validated transactions and including them in the blockchain.

Backtracking a bit, lets talk about nodes. A node is a powerful computer which runs the bitcoin software and assists keep bitcoin running by participating in the relay of information. Anyone can run a node, you just download the bitcoin applications (free) and leave a certain port open (the downside is that it consumes energy and storage space the network at time of writing carries up about 145GB).

One node will send information to a few nodes which it knows, that will relay the information to nodes they know, etc.. That way it ends up getting around the whole network pretty quickly. .

Some nodes are mining nodes (usually referred to as miners). These group outstanding transactions into blocks and add them to the blockchain. How can they do this By solving a complex mathematical puzzle that is part of the bitcoin program, and including the answer in the block. The puzzle that needs solving is to find a number that, when combined with the data in the block and passed via a hash function, creates a result that's within a certain range.

(For trivia lovers, this number is known as a nonce, which can be a concatenation of number used once. In the instance of bitcoin, the nonce is an integer between 0 and 4,294,967,296.)

How can they find this number By guessing at random. The hash function which makes it impossible to predict exactly what the outcome will be. So, miners suppose the puzzle number and use the hash function to the combination of that guessed number and also the data in the block. The resulting hash must start with a pre-established number of zeroes.

Whats more, there might be several nonces that produce the desired result, or there may be none (in the event the miners keep trying, but using a different block configuration). .

The first miner to acquire a resulting hash within the desirable range announces its victory to the rest of the network. The rest of the miners immediately stop work on that block and begin trying to find out the puzzle number for the next one. As a reward for its work, the victorious miner gets some new bitcoin. .

At navigate to these guys the time of writing, the payoff is 12.5 bitcoins, which in time of writing is worth nearly \$200,000.

Though its not nearly as cushy a bargain as it sounds. There are a whole lot of mining nodes competing for this benefit, and it's a question of fortune and computing power (the further guessing calculations you can execute, the luckier you're ).

Also, the costs of being a mining node are considerable, not only because of the powerful hardware needed (if you have a faster processor than your competitors, you have a better chance of finding the correct number before they do), but also because of the large amounts of power that running these chips consumes. .

And, the number of bitcoins awarded as a reward for solving the puzzle will decrease. Its 12.5 now, but it halves every four decades or so (the next one is anticipated in 2020-21). The value of see this here bitcoin relative to cost look at these guys of electricity and hardware could go up over the next few years to partly compensate this reduction, but its not certain. .

The difficulty of the calculation (the required number of zeroes at the beginning of the hash string) is adjusted frequently, so it requires on average approximately 10 minutes to process a block.

Why 10 minutes that's the amount of time the bitcoin programmers think is necessary for a steady and diminishing flow of new coins until the maximum number of 21 million has been reached (expected some time in 2140).